Last week I attended a film screening at the Projector of the environmental documentary Blue, followed by a panel discussion hosted by ZeroWasteSG. The event was great timing as I had decided to spend my summer vacation transitioning into going zero waste, taking inspiration from eco-bloggers like Jennifer Nini from Eco Warrior Princess and Lauren Singer from Trash is for Tossers.
While I already had a few ideas as to what going zero waste entails, watching Blue was a massive wake-up call. The documentary shares a grim report of humans affects over the oceans and does a seamless job of showing how all of the issues (from our overfishing to plastic waste) are in some way interconnected.
Honestly, there were so many things that shocked me. The fact that plastics and other non-biodegradable objects end up in the stomachs of fish and seabirds and deplete our natural resources are things that I knew were a problem in my subconscious, but had never internalised until seeing it on screen. Unless you have contact with nature on a regular basis — and maybe even if you do — these are things that you might not see until you look hard enough.
It hit me that so far I’ve lived content in the city of Singapore, not giving a thought to tracing where my garbage goes. But when the film showed turtles and sea lions drifting lifelessly, stuck in fishing nets disposed in the sea, conservationists having to pump out substantial amounts of plastic from the stomach of seabirds, shark fins being ruthlessly chopped off and the remains being thrown back into the sea for the food trade in Asia, I couldn’t help avert my eyes from the screen. It was too painful to watch.
There’s one line from the documentary that stuck out vividly. In the backdrop of a shot of a school of fish swimming in the ocean, the narrator says, “this is an illusion of abundance”. I learnt that it’s not just fish that have given us the “illusion of abundance”, however. The irresponsible consumption of finite resources that we consume: fossil fuels, meat and trees are all giving us the “illusion of abundance”.
I think my biggest takeaway from the documentary is that the lives of the privileged are impacting the most vulnerable, not just within human society but also within the animal kingdom.
One of the topics covered was the overfishing of sharks and tuna by coastal communities that face poverty. Shark fin is a delicacy in Chinese cuisine and sushi, which often uses tuna fish, is not cheap either. Due to high demand, local fishermen overfish (often illegally) causing the depletion of marine life, which in turn has actually led to a gradual decline in their business. However, the problem doesn’t just lie in these local fisherman but also us, the consumers that they are supplying — because where there is demand, there is supply.
These fishermen in developing countries are fishing for US, a market demographic that can likely afford to live a more sustainable lifestyle and even intervene in the vicious cycle of poverty causing these fishermen to fish unsustainably.
"I think my biggest takeaway from the documentary is that the lives of the privileged are impacting the most vulnerable, not just within human society but also within the animal kingdom."
Another heart wrenching topic how our waste is being consumed by some of the most vulnerable species. Seabirds consume much of our single-use plastic, mistaking it as food, so many are dying of malnutrition and ulcers. Predators like sharks are perceived as the apex of the animal kingdom but in reality, they are one of the most vulnerable species among marine life, taking a very long time to grow and reproduce. We are overpowering and annihilating the very nature that we depend upon.
The film screening was followed by a panel discussion. The panelists were Louis Ng, a local MP, Samantha Thian, founder of Seastainable, and Pek Hai Lin, manager of Zero Waste Singapore. The panelists as well as the audience mentioned many important issues about environment conservation in Singapore like:
Food safety and reusable containers
One important question raised during the talk was how we can find a common ground between food safety and using reusable containers. In the case of food poisoning, there would need to be investigation of both the hygiene of the containers and the stalls but the current Singaporean law does not cater to such possibilities and could hold the vendors accountable. Mr. Ng claimed that the Singaporean government is preparing to change such legal constraints. Watch this space!
Garbage bags and rubbish chutes
Mr. Ng also pointed out that since most of us in Singapore live in high-rise buildings and HDB’s and throw our garbage in the garbage chute, it would be impossible to stop using plastic bags entirely. He stated that it would cause more trouble for the cleaners if people stopped using plastic bags for their garbage, which I thought was a very valid point. Currently, there are almost no alternative options for plastic bags for garbage disposal except to reduce the total amount of garbage produced - something we should all strive for.
Plastic packaging in our supermarkets
Furthermore, Hai Lin mentioned that vegetables and fruits are usually imported in Singapore which means that they are inevitably packaged in plastic because plastic packaging can increase shelf life by almost a week. While plastic is toxic for the environment, food waste is also another major issue in the world. The panel discussion also marks the prelude to ZeroWasteSG's BYOB (Bring Your Own Bag) Campaign with NEA, which launches in July to encourage Singaporeans to bring their own bag when shopping.
Watching Blue and the panel discussion taught me that sustainability issues are a lot more nuanced and complex than I could have imagined. Some solutions that other countries have implemented just can’t apply to Singapore. Would the farmers market system in European countries apply to Singapore? Can we compost in hot and humid Singapore? I felt like I left the venue with more questions than answers.
But I guess this is only because I began questioning what I do — what we all do. Things I had blissfully ignored in the past like freebies at college events and disposables in delivered food have started bothering me. I was tempted to get a cup of coffee this morning but I realised I would have to use a disposable cup!
It's safe to say this documentary was a real eye opener. Although Blue is currently not available for viewing in Singapore yet, as soon as it’s out, go and see it! In the meantime, you can check out these equally impactful environmental documentaries on Netflix: A Plastic Ocean, Chasing Coral and Our Planet.
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